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Returns the result of interpreting leading characters in str as a rational. Leading whitespace and extraneous characters past the end of a valid number are ignored. Digit sequences can be separated by an underscore. If there is not a valid number at the start of str, zero is returned. This method never raises an exception.
'  2  '.to_r       #=> (2/1)
'300/2'.to_r       #=> (150/1)
'-9.2'.to_r        #=> (-46/5)
'-9.2e2'.to_r      #=> (-920/1)
'1_234_567'.to_r   #=> (1234567/1)
'21 June 09'.to_r  #=> (21/1)
'21/06/09'.to_r    #=> (7/2)
'BWV 1079'.to_r    #=> (0/1)
NOTE: “0.3”.to_r isn't the same as 0.3.to_r. The former is equivalent to “3/10”.to_r, but the latter isn't so.
"0.3".to_r == 3/10r  #=> true
0.3.to_r   == 3/10r  #=> false
See also Kernel#Rational.
 
               static VALUE
string_to_r(VALUE self)
{
    VALUE num;

    rb_must_asciicompat(self);

    num = parse_rat(RSTRING_PTR(self), RSTRING_END(self), 0, TRUE);

    if (RB_FLOAT_TYPE_P(num) && !FLOAT_ZERO_P(num))
        rb_raise(rb_eFloatDomainError, "Infinity");
    return num;
}
            

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