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Returns a new Array object that is a 1-dimensional flattening of self.

By default, nested Arrays are not flattened:
h = {foo: 0, bar: [:bat, 3], baz: 2}
h.flatten # => [:foo, 0, :bar, [:bat, 3], :baz, 2]
Takes the depth of recursive flattening from Integer argument level:
h = {foo: 0, bar: [:bat, [:baz, [:bat, ]]]}
h.flatten(1) # => [:foo, 0, :bar, [:bat, [:baz, [:bat]]]]
h.flatten(2) # => [:foo, 0, :bar, :bat, [:baz, [:bat]]]
h.flatten(3) # => [:foo, 0, :bar, :bat, :baz, [:bat]]
h.flatten(4) # => [:foo, 0, :bar, :bat, :baz, :bat]
When level is negative, flattens all nested Arrays:
h = {foo: 0, bar: [:bat, [:baz, [:bat, ]]]}
h.flatten(-1) # => [:foo, 0, :bar, :bat, :baz, :bat]
h.flatten(-2) # => [:foo, 0, :bar, :bat, :baz, :bat]
When level is zero, returns the equivalent of to_a :
h = {foo: 0, bar: [:bat, 3], baz: 2}
h.flatten(0) # => [[:foo, 0], [:bar, [:bat, 3]], [:baz, 2]]
h.flatten(0) == h.to_a # => true
 
               static VALUE
rb_hash_flatten(int argc, VALUE *argv, VALUE hash)
{
    VALUE ary;

    rb_check_arity(argc, 0, 1);

    if (argc) {
        int level = NUM2INT(argv[0]);

        if (level == 0) return rb_hash_to_a(hash);

        ary = rb_ary_new_capa(RHASH_SIZE(hash) * 2);
        rb_hash_foreach(hash, flatten_i, ary);
        level--;

        if (level > 0) {
            VALUE ary_flatten_level = INT2FIX(level);
            rb_funcallv(ary, id_flatten_bang, 1, &ary_flatten_level);
        }
        else if (level < 0) {
            /* flatten recursively */
            rb_funcallv(ary, id_flatten_bang, 0, 0);
        }
    }
    else {
        ary = rb_ary_new_capa(RHASH_SIZE(hash) * 2);
        rb_hash_foreach(hash, flatten_i, ary);
    }

    return ary;
}
            

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