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If the given key is found, returns a 2-element Array containing that key and its value:
h = {foo: 0, bar: 1, baz: 2}
h.assoc(:bar) # => [:bar, 1]
Returns nil if key key is not found.
 
               static VALUE
rb_hash_assoc(VALUE hash, VALUE key)
{
    st_table *table;
    const struct st_hash_type *orighash;
    VALUE args[2];

    if (RHASH_EMPTY_P(hash)) return Qnil;

    ar_force_convert_table(hash, __FILE__, __LINE__);
    HASH_ASSERT(RHASH_ST_TABLE_P(hash));
    table = RHASH_ST_TABLE(hash);
    orighash = table->type;

    if (orighash != &identhash) {
        VALUE value;
        struct reset_hash_type_arg ensure_arg;
        struct st_hash_type assochash;

        assochash.compare = assoc_cmp;
        assochash.hash = orighash->hash;
        table->type = &assochash;
        args[0] = hash;
        args[1] = key;
        ensure_arg.hash = hash;
        ensure_arg.orighash = orighash;
        value = rb_ensure(lookup2_call, (VALUE)&args, reset_hash_type, (VALUE)&ensure_arg);
        if (value != Qundef) return rb_assoc_new(key, value);
    }

    args[0] = key;
    args[1] = Qnil;
    rb_hash_foreach(hash, assoc_i, (VALUE)args);
    return args[1];
}
            

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